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The Han Chinese Clothing

The Introduction of Han Chinese Clothing
Han Chinese Clothing, also sometimes known as Hanzhuang, Huafu, and sometimes referred in English sources simply as Silk Robe or Chinese Silk Robe refers to the historical dress of the Han Chinese people, Han Chinese clothing refers to the clothing worn by the Han ethnic people from the ruling periods of the Three Emperors and Five Sovereigns to the Ming Dynasty. It was the traditional costume of the nation worn for millennia and representative of the characteristics of the Han nationality. Over thousands of years, the Han people created brilliant Hanfu culture with their wisdom. The basic Han clothing was a robe, which was either full-length or calf-length. The front of the robe was left cut, and it was kept closed by a belt. As a rare commodity, cloth was valued by the Han. Silk was also valued, and was often used to reward service to the State. Excess fabric was used to indicate wealth and prestige, and wearing larger and larger clothing, often to the point of immobilizing the wearer, conveyed status.

The History of Han Chinese Clothing
Hanfu has a history of more than three millennia, and is said to have been worn by the legendary Yellow Emperor. From the beginning of its history, Hanfu (especially in elite circles) was inseparable from silk, supposedly discovered by the Yellow Emperor’s consort, Leizu. The Shang Dynasty, developed the rudiments of Hanfu; it consisted of a yi, a narrow-cuffed, knee-length tunic tied with a sash, and a narrow, ankle-length skirt, called chang, worn with a bixi, a length of fabric that reached the knees. Vivid primary colors and green were used, due to the degree of technology at the time.

A Hanfu garment is Assembled from Following Pieces of Clothing:
1. Yi (): Any open cross-collar garment, and worn by both sexesHan Chinese Clothing
2. Pao (): Any closed full-body garment, worn only by men in Hanfu
3. Ru (): Open cross-collar shirt
4. Shan (): Open cross-collar shirt or jacket that is worn over the yi
5. Qun () or chang (): Skirt for women and men
6. Ku (): Trousers or pants
7. People are also able to accessorize with tassels and jade pendants or various ornaments hung from the belt or sash, known as pei ().

The Styles of Han Chinese Clothing
Clothing styles made popular by the Han Chinese 3,000 years ago still remain popular in traditional Chinese fashion today. Han styles are noted by beautiful silk robes with each style of clothing denoting a different strata of society. Han Chinese clothing retained its simple and elegant style. The main characters of the clothing include "Y" shaped cross collar with the left one upon the right, no buttons, and string or belt fastening, giving a free and elegant feel. Royalty wore one style, academics and scholars another style, and members of the military class yet another style.

Han Fu in Modern Day
After the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911, Manchu dress and the pigtail disappeared quickly in favour of western-style dress. Today most Han Chinese wear western-style clothing, and Han Chinese clothing is largely unknown. Recent attempts by Hanfu advocates in China to wear Hanfu outdoors have provoked curious reactions from onlookers, many of them mistaking Hanfu for Japanese dress. Most Han Chinese wear Western-style clothing in everyday life. Han Chinese clothing is presently worn only as a part of historical reenactment, festivals, hobby, coming of age/rite of passage ceremonies, ceremonial clothing worn by religious priests, or cultural exercise and can be frequently seen on Chinese television series, films and other forms of media entertainment.