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11 Popular Fruits in South China

No matter when and where, fruit is an eternal topic for most people, China especially South China area is endowed with much advantage in fruit planting. Leave some common fruits such as apple and banana aside, some fruit growing in China are probably fresh to people from all over the world.

1. Kiwi Fruit 奇异果(Qi2 Yi4 Guo4)Kiwi Fruit
The kiwi, which is sometimes known as the Chinese gooseberry, is the national fruit of China., and people call it the healthiest food in the world. In Chinese, we also call it Macaque peach,and often refer to as wonder fruit(Qi2 Yi4 Guo4)It grows in the Shanxi region of China and is full of healthy properties including vitamins, minerals and omega-3 fatty acids. The peel of the fruit is removed and the green inner fruit is eaten. The seeds are also eaten with the fruit. 

2. Jackfruit 木菠萝(Mu4 Bo1 Luo2)
Jackfruit, a world-famous tropical fruit originally planted in ancient India, was introduced to China during Tang Dynasty. Growing up to 15-20 meters, the trees usually produce fruits ranging from 5 kg to 20 kg on their trunk. The rind of Jackfruit is covered with small pointed cones. It is the ripe sarcocarp wrapping the seeds offer the delicacy, but the seeds are also edible after being poached. Jackfruit are known for having a distinct aroma which many people can't stand,  it is commonly used in South and Sotheast Asian cuisines.

3. Kabosu 
Kabosu is a type of citrus fruit that originates and naturally grows in China. It is green in color with a tart and sour taste similar to a lemon. During Japan's Edo period it was imported from China and adapted to the Japanese climate, so it is commonly used for Japanese cuisine as well as Chinese. In Japanese foods, kabosu is made into vinegar and used as a condiment for flavoring fish to improve the taste.

4. Durian 榴莲(Liu2 Lian2)
Durian is lighter and has thicker cones that prevent people from catching it by bare hands. Many people are usually scared of the strong smell of its sarcocarp, which is described to be "the mix of sour cheese and onion with a little bit turpentine" by some people. For this reason it is prohibited to in some public places. However, t contains many nutririons, such sugar, Vitamin C, potassium, serotonergic amono acid tryptophan.

5. Kumquat 金桔(Jin1 Ju2)

Kumquats are the smallest citrus fruit, and they originated in China in the 12th century.  And according to Esther Sung, a writer for Epicurious, a kumquat is only the size of a grape, but it has an intense flavor. She points out that the fruit is both sweet and sour with the kumquat peel being 
sweeter than then inner pulp. They are a lucky symbol and are typically eaten whole rather than peeled.
6. Mangosteen 山竹(Shan1 Zhu2)
Known as "queen of fruit" in China, mangosteen trees are widely planted in Southeast Asian countries. The price of it is comparatively higher than many other fruits in China as the trees usually take 10 years to fruit after they are planted. A ripe mangosteen is as big as a persimmon, with dark purple and hard peel and garlic clove-like succulent sarcocarp. It is favored by people especially young girls for its sweet and a little bit sour taste and rich nutrition constituent.

7. Goji Berries 枸杞(Gou3 Qi3)
Goji Berries grow in China, Mongolia and in the Himalayas and Tibet, and they are mainly produced in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of North-central China and Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in Western China.They are often found dried that look like red raisins. Goji berries are considered one of the super fruits because it's a good source of antioxidants, dietary fiber, essential amino acide. However, you should aoid warfarin, or drugs for diabetes or hyoertension as they wil bring potential harm to you when mixing with Goji Berries.

8. Pitaya 火龙果(Huo3 Long2 Guo3)
Pitaya catches people's sight by its bright rose-colored peel with sparse squamas. Distinctive from most fruits, a pitaya grows on a "tree" that is of Cactaceae instead of an arbor. The sarcocarp is a whole one in white or red with sesame-like seeds. On the other hand, the interesting phenomenon that pitaya trees are found to be planted in the vicinity of many Maya, Inca and Vietnamese temples tempts many people.

9. Lychee 荔枝(Li4 Zhi1)
Lychee is a fruit from the soapberry family that originates in Canton, China and is usually a red or pink colored fruit, though some trees might produce amber colored or slightly green fruit as well. The fruit is small in size, typically around the size of a strawberry with a warty peel. The peel is pulled away to reveal a sweet tasting fruit. One seed is found in the middle of the fruit.

10. Chinese White Pear 白梨(Bai2 Li2)
Ya Pear or Chinese White Pear, Another type of Asian pear is called Ya Pear or Chinese white pear. Ya in Chinese means "duck." It's called duck pear in Chinese due to its mallard-like shape. Color of Ya Pear is either white or light yellow with some tiny black or brown dots. It tastes like a mixture of a rose and a pineapple. It's very crunchy and juicy. Its higher water and lower sugar content makes it a healthy fruit.
11. Longan 龙眼(Long2 Yan3)

Longan has been treated as a famous and precious local product of South China since the ancient times. A ripe longan is usually 1-2 cm in diameter, with a dark core, white sarcocarp and khaki peel from inside to outside. Chinese think longan has restorative effect as ginseng does, so it is often dried and cooked in soup.