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The 1911 Chinese Revolution

The Introduction of Chinese Xinhai Revolution
The 1911 Chinese Revolution is also often referred to as the Xinhai revolution. It was a great victory because it was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, and established the Republic of China. The revolution was named Xinhai because it occurred in 1911. The 1911 Revolution emancipated the minds of the Chinese people. After the revolution, the monarchy, which was once held sacred and inviolable, was declared as evil, dark and unacceptable to the free and equal people. The restoration of the monarchy became simply impossible, and the ancient feudal system was finally overturned. The revolution ended with the abdication of the "Last Emperor" Puyi on February 12, 1912, that marked the end of over 2,000 years of imperial rule and the beginning of China's republican era.

The Background and the Process of First Chinese Revolution
The causes of the first Chinese revolution were that European countries had a lot of control over China and China was not a powerful country even though it had one of the largest population bases. In the Nineteenth Century, the Qing Empire faced a number of challenges to its rule, including a number of foreign incursions into Chinese territory. The two Opium Wars against Western powers led by Great Britain resulted in the loss of Hong Kong, forced opening of “treaty ports” for international trade, and large foreign “concessions” in major cities privileged with extraterritorial rule. The Chinese people were not happy with the European control over parts of their country and the people started to gain dislike towards the Qing dynasty, since the Qing dynasty did not solve the countries' problems efficiently. The political minds of China were convinced forming China into a republic with a new government system would help China develop into a strong country and that idea was spread across the country with great help from important leaders like Sun Yat-sen, who became the first republican president in China.

The Reasons of the Its Failing
1. Poor economic conditions of the government
2. It didn't have a good leader.
3. The person in charge would choose the wrong type of person to lead, and when the people of China were taxed, they would steal the money.
4. Long years of peace in the early and mid Qing period contributed to a quick rise in China's population.
5. The limited amount of land/money/food.
6. Businesses were closing down (lack of employment).
7. In order to get more money, the rulers raised the taxes.
8. The people were forbidden by law to move to Manchuria and other places outside China.
9. Country didn't have protection so it was easy for foreign countries to invade.
10. The powerful landowners made their residents pay their taxes.
11. Cultivable land was limited in amount and was concentrated in powerful landlords.
12. There was no large industrial development to absorb the excessive manpower and to raise the standard of living in society.

The Immediate Effects and Long Lasting Effects
1. End of Dynasties in China
2. Culture of Fear in China caused by Red Guard
3. Failing Economy because the Red Guard put so many workers out of work.
4. Destruction of Schools in pursuit of stamping out any reminder of the past.
5. Large amount of uneducated workers due to the destruction of education- they play     into many countries’ economies today.
6. Destroyed their art and anything that symbolized the old world- we don’t have it today
7. Current tensions between China and Tibet