You are here: Home > Chinese Culture > Chinese History Culture > Famous Historical Figure in the Qing Dynasty

Famous Historical Figure in the Qing Dynasty

The Qing dynasty was the last monarchy to have ruled China. Though they made considerable expansions to the borders of China, and took Chinese arts and science to new heights, the isolationist policies that they followed ended their rule. Th efollowing are several people over the years may have played an important role in making China the nation it is today.

1. Dorgon多尔衮Dorgon
AisinGioro Dorgon (1612-1651) was the fourteenth son of the founding father of Later Jin Nurhaci. After Huangtaiji's death, he supported the young prince Fulin to ascend the throne. Thereby, his power reached its peak. Afterward, he suppressed the peasant uprising in the Battle of Shanhaiguan Pass, captured Beijing City and thus enabled the Qing regime to become the ruler of the Central Plains. In 1650, Dorgon fell off his horse while hunting and died in Kala City in the following year. Emperor Shunzhi granted him the posthumous rank of Emperor Yi and the posthumous title Chengzong. He was buried outside of Dongzhimen Gate of Beijing.

2. Qian Daxin钱大昕Qian Daxin
Qian Daxin, a famous versatile scholar of the Qing Dynasty, is familiar with Chinese classics, history, various schools of thought, astronomy and geography, especially epigraphy. He is good at writing Official Script and composes a lot of works of different aspects. He had many creative ideas in the study of phonics and the critical interpretation of ancient texts. He studied the consonants of ancient Chinese syllables before everything else. Most of his theories can be found in A Collection of Qian Yan Tang and A Record of Studies in Shijia Study.

3. Empress Xiao Kang Zhang孝庄皇后Empress Xiao Kang Zhang
Empress Xiao Kang Zhang, from the clan of Tongiya, is the consort of Emperor Shunzhi and the mother of Emperor Kangxi. In the first of year of Emperor Shunzhi's reign, Lady Tongiya entered the palace and was given the title "Imperial Consort Tong". In 1661, after Emperor Shunzhi passed away, she was given the title of the "Cihe Dowager Empress" because she was the biological mother to the new Kangxi Emperor appointed by Empress Xiao Zhuang Wen.

4. Kangxi Emperor 康熙Kangxi Emperor
The Kangxi Emperor (May 4, 1654 December 20, 1722) was the third Emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, and the second Qing emperor to rule over all of China, from 1661 to 1722. He is known as one of the greatest Chinese emperors in history. His reign of 61 years makes him the longest-reigning Emperor of China in history.

5. Qianlong Emperor 乾隆Qianlong Emperor
The Qianlong Emperor (born Hongli, September 25, 1711February 7, 1799) was the fifth emperor of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China. The fourth son of the Yongzheng Emperor, he reigned officially from October 18, 1735 to February 9, 1796, at which point he retired in favor of his son, the Jiaqing Emperor - a filial act in order not to reign longer than his grandfather, the illustrious Kangxi Emperor. Despite his retirement, however, he retained ultimate power until his death in 1799.

6.Kang You Wei(康有为
Kang You WeiHe convinced many foreigners and some around the Kuang Hsu Emperor that he was a brilliant reformer without many supporters. Outsiders saw him as the spirit behind the Emperor’s reform program. In actuality he was a complete fraud, working to undermine “real” reform and, some say, hand China over to the Japanese! He would betray the Emperor, leading to Kuang Hsu’s downfall. Kang Yu Wei escaped to Japan, dying in 1925 (?). Known as “Wild Fox Kang” by his enemies.