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Famous Historical Figures in Tang Dynasty

China is situated in Asia and is currently the world's most populous country. It has a history of imperialism and more recently it went on to adopt communism. Several people over the years have played an important role in making China the nation it is today.

WangweiWang Wei王维

Wang Wei, in addition to being one of China's most famous poets, was also an important painter. No confirmed paintings survive but there are a number said to be in his style. He was one of the most famous men of arts and letters of his time. Many of his poems are preserved, and twenty-nine were included in the highly influential 18th century anthology. Wang Wei's poem Seeing Yuan Er off to Anxi provided lyrics for the qin melody Yangguan Sandie, transmitted in both long and short versions. The short version is one of the most popular of all qin melodies.

Wu Zetian武则天
Wu Zetianalso known as Wu Zhao or Wu Chao and as Wu-hou or Wu Hou "Empress Wu" was a Chinese sovereign, who ruled officially under the name of her self-proclaimed "Zhou Dynasty", from 690 to 705; however, she had previous imperial positions, under both Taizong and his son Gaozong, of the Tang Dynasty, in China. Wu was a concubine of Emperor Taizong; and, after his death she then married Taizong's successor and 9th son, Emperor Gaozong, officially becoming Gaozong's furen, in 655, although having considerable political power previous to this. After Gaozong's debilitating stroke in 660, Wu Zetian ruled as effective sovereign until 705. The importance to history of Wu Zetian's period of political and military leadership includes major expansion of the Chinese empire, extending it much beyond its previous territorial limits, deep into Central Asia, and completing the conquest of Korea.

Di Renjie (狄仁杰)

DirenjieDi Renjie, a famous minister at Tang Dynasty. He had outspoken and quite good performance during his political career and got the trust of Wu Zetian. Later, he was called as "Di Lianggong". Di Renjie was born at Taiyuan in the fourth year of Tang Zhenguan period with courtesy name Huaiying and formally Duke Wenhui of Liang. He was an official of Tang Dynasty and Wu Zetian’s Zhou Dynasty, and was an outstanding feudal statesman during Wu Zetian’s reign. He took an Imperial Examination in Tang Dynasty, thus marched into the political career.


Xuanzang玄奘was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveler, and translator who described the interaction between China and India in the early Tang Dynasty. Born in XuanzangHenan province of China in 596, from boyhood he took to reading religious books, including the Chinese classics and the writings of ancient sages. He became famous for his seventeen year overland journey to India, which is recorded in detail in the classic Chinese text Great Tang Records on the Western Regions, which in turn provided the inspiration for the classical novel Journey to the West, written by Wu Cheng'en during the Ming Dynasty, around nine centuries after Xuanzang's death.

Li Bai李白

LibaiLi Bai is also called Li Po depending on the dialect. Li Bai is known as a Romantic Poet. Along with writing romantic poems about women, he romanticized nature. Dufu, on the other hand, is known as a Realist poet. Li Bai apparently led a wild life. He is said to have killed people in martial arts challenges and personal duels. He wrote about common things such as natural places and cities he saw, romance, war and death and things like this. Along with having a wild life, writing poems and getting into trouble politically, he worked in the Hanlin Academy in Changan, was a friend of the Emperor, and lived in exile.