You are here: Home > Grammar > Complex sentences > Coordinate Complex Sentences

Coordinate Complex Sentences

Complex sentences are made up of two or more simple sentences. The simple sentences that complex sentences are composed from are called clauses. In between the clauses a comma or a semicolon is used to represent a pause in spoken language.
Function: Clause's function is to decare or discribe several things or circumstances, or several aspects of one thing. The order can be switched.
To express the coordinate relation, we often use associated words. Such as: 也、又、还、既……又/也、不是……而是、是……不是、一边……一边、有时……有时、又……又、一方面……(另)一方面、一会儿……一会儿,etc. Some of them declare the coordinate relation among the same kinds of things,  some declare the coexistence with two things, and some others declare the antagonism between two things.

For instance,
小王说德语,小李也会说德语(Xiao Wang can speak Deutch, xiao Li can speak Deutch too.)
能吃苦,又聪明(He can endure hardship and is very smart.)

这比钱不是我的,而是我爸爸的。(Those money is not mine, they are my father's)

一方面敌人在退却,一方面我军在进攻。( On the one side, the enemy is retreating, on the other side, our army is attacking.)

一边走,一边思考,还一边瞅着马路上的人。(He walked as he thought, and whatched the people on the street.)

The coordinate complex can also be without the assaciated word.
For instance,
风轻悄悄的,草软绵绵的。(wind lightly, grass soft. )

虚心使人进步,骄傲使人落后。(Modesty helps a person to make progress whereas conceit makes a person lag behind.)