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Preposition

Classification of preposition:
  A. indicate time and space:  
(zì)  (còng) (lí)  (zài)  (dǎ)  自从 (zì còng)  (dāng) (cháo)
(xiàng)  (wǎng)  沿着(yán zhē)  (shùn zhē)  (yǐ)  (dào)
1) 毕业那天就再也见过父亲了。(He had not seen his father since that graduation day.)

  B. indicate regarding object 
(duì)  对于duì yú)  关于(guān yú)  至于(zhì yú)  (tì)  (jiāng)
(liángweì)  (geǐ) (hé(gēn) (tóng) (yǔ)  (bǐ)
2) 对我来说合适(He is the only man for me.)

  C.indicate reason and aim:
(yòu)  由于yòu yú)  (wèi)  为了(wèi le)  为着(wèi zhe)
  For instance,
 3)由于公司竞争生意陷入了困境。(His business went under because of competition from the large corporations.)

  D. indicate resort and basis:
按照(àn zhào)  (àn)  (zhào)  依照(yī zhào)  (yī)  根据(gēn jù) 
(jù)  凭借(píng jiè)  (píng)(chèn)  (yǐ)  (lùn) 本着(běn zhe)  鉴于(jiàn yú)
4)据气象台预报明天大风(According to the weather forecast, there will be a gale tomorrow.)

  E. indicate agent and object:
(bǎ) (beì)  (jiào)  让(ràng)  (geǐ)  由(yòu)  将(jiāng)
 For instance,
5)你本可以/把他开除这个团队( You could have gotten him off the team.)

  F. indicate exclusion:
(chú)  除了(chú le)

6) 除了以外他们在那里(They were all there except me.)


Grammatical features of  preposition:
A. Prepositions are always ahead the noun or noun phrase.
B.The preprositional phrases are mainly decorated verbs, adjectives, and act as adverbials in sentences,
跟老张说话(Talk to Lao Zhang.)(跟老张 is the preprositional phrase, 说话 is the verb)
比小李年轻(Younger than Xiao Li.)(比小李  is the preprositional phrase, 年轻 is the adjective)