You are here: Home > Grammar > Parts of speech > Pronouns of Chinese Language

Pronouns of Chinese Language

Chinese pronouns vary somewhat from their English counterparts. For example, there is no differentiation in the spoken language amongst "he", "she" and "it" (even though a written difference was launched following speak to with the West), and pronouns remain the same whether they are the matter or object of the sentence. Mandarin Chinese more lacks a distinction in between the possessive adjective ("my") and possessive pronoun ("mine"); both are formed by appending the particle “的” de. Some honorifics exist in the language, but modern Chinese, specifically in the spoken language, lacks the levels of respect of Japanese.
There are just three basic pronouns in spoken Mandarin:
I, me--
He, Him/She, Her/It- 他/她/它
Plurals are formed by adding 'men' at the end of the pronoun:
We, Us - wǒ men - 我们
You - nǐ men - 你们
They, Them - tā men - 他们
When speaking to elders or someone in authority, it is more polite to address them formally with nín 您 instead of the less formal - .
Reflexive Pronoun
Mandarin also has a reflexive pronoun zì jǐ -自己, used when both subject and object are the same. For example:
她中饭都是自己烧的。Tā zhōngfàn shì zìjǐ shāo de.
She cooked lunch herself.
我自己。wǒ zì jǐ.
I myself.
Here are some example sentences using Mandarin pronouns.
Audio files are marked with?
I am a student.
Wǒ shì xuéshēng.
Are you a student?
Nǐ shì xuéshēng ma?
She is a doctor.
Tā shì yīshēng.
Wǒmen - 我们
We are teachers.
Wǒmen shì lǎoshī.
Tāmen - 他们
They are students.
Tāmen shì lǎoshī.

Zìjǐ - 自己
She  lives by himself.
Tā zìjǐ zhù.