You are here: Home > Grammar > Sentence Structure > The Object

The Object

Adcerbial Adjuncts
Sentences are the smallest units in language that can independently express at idea. Words and phrases in sentences can be divided into sentence elements based on their use. There are six kinds of sentence elements in Chinese:
1. Subject
2. Predicate
3. Object
4. Attributive
5. Adverbial adjunct
6. Complement
 
● The Object
An object is appended to a verb acting as the subject to indicate the target of an action, the place arrived at by an action, the tools used in an action, or the result of an action. For instance,
我们在吃饭。(We are having lunch.) (饭 is the object.)
The object is usually placed after a verb serving as a predicate. The object is most often a noun or pronoun. However, nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, numerals, and phrases can all act as the object. For instance,
我们明天去购物。(We will go shopping tomorrow.) (The noun 购物 is the object)
我喜欢钓鱼。(I like fishing.) (The verb 钓鱼is the object.)
 
A transitive verb can either carry an object or go without one. When a transitive verb carries one object it is called a single object. For instance,
我们阅读。 (We are reading.) (The transitive verb 阅读, to transcribe, does not carry an object.)
我们阅读课文。 (We are reading a book.) (The transitive verb 阅读 carries the object 课文, which is a single object.)
 
Some transitive verbs can take two object and this is called a double object. The first object is called an indirect object and the second is called a direct object. For instance,
老师教我们英语。 (The teacher is teaching us English.) (The pronoun 我们 is an indirect object and the noun 英语 Chinese is a direct object.)
 
For the purpose of emphasis, comparison, or simplification the object may be placed in front of a verb acting as a predicate. This is called a fronted object. For instance,
我这些家务活都干完了。(I have finished all of the housework.) (The object 这些家务 is after the subject and before the predicate .)
这些家务我都干完了。 (I have finished all of the housework.) (The object 这些家务 is before both the subject and the predicate .)