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The Predicate

Sentences are the smallest units in language that can independently express at idea. Words and phrases in sentences can be divided into sentence elements based on their use. There are six kinds of sentence elements in Chinese:
1. Subject
2. Predicate
3. Object
4. Attributive
5. Adverbial adjunct
6. Complement
 
●The Predicate
The predicate makes a statement about the subject. The predicate is usually placed after the subject. All kinds of notional words and most types of phrases can act as the subject.
他自己开车去。(He will drive there by himself.)( The verb 开车去 is the predicate.)
天黑了。 (It is dark now.) (The adjective 黑 is the predicate.)
我今年十八。(This year I am eighteen years old.) (The number eighteen is the predicate.)
 
The predicate can be followed by objects. For instance,
我开车。(I am driving a car.) (One object)
他送我花。(He gave me a bunch of flowers.) (Two objects)
 
When an adjective acts as the predicate the adverb 很 is usually used. Otherwise, a comparison is implied.
这个城市很小。(This is a small city.)
这个城市小。(This city is smaller than that one.)