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把 Sentences

Sentences using special verbal predicates
1. 是 Sentences
2. 有 Sentences
3. 被 Sentences
4. 把 Sentences
5. Existential sentences
6. Pivotal sentences
7. Sentence with verbs in series
 
Sentences
The sentence uses the preposition with its object to act as an adverbial adjunct, which modifies a verb predicate. This kind of sentence places emphasis on a certain person or thing and the result or influence that it produces. The subject of a sentence must be the agent of the action. The basic form of the sentence is
 
Agent of the action (subject) + receiver (adverbial adjunct) + verb (predicate)
For instance,
手表弄丢了。(I lost my watch.) (This is the basic form of the sentence. The subject and agent of the action is 我.)
 
试卷做好了。(He finished the paper.) (The predicate verb, 做 in this case, must be a transitive verb.)
 
我还没衣服洗完。(I didn’t finish the washing.) (The adverb 没 should be used in the negative form of the sentence.)
 
 
Verbs that do not affect people or things cannot function as the predicate in a sentence. For example, 是、有、在、像、等于、知道、认识、觉得、怕、喜欢愿意、开始、结束、进、去、坐、站、等。 Some predicate verbs are followed by complex structures. In these cases 把 sentences must be used. For instance,
 
汽车停在车库里。(I put the car in the garage.) (When the verb 在 is used as a complement of result for a verb predicate taking an object expressing a location, a sentence must be used. We cannot say, 我停汽车在车库里。)
 
车开到大门去了。(He drove the car to the front door.) (When the verb 到 acts as the complement of result of the predicate and the object expresses a location then a sentence must be used.)