Right after establishing a pilot institute in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, in June 2004, the first Confucius Institute opened on 21 November 2004 in Seoul, South Korea. Nowadays more and more Confucius Institutes have opened in dozens of nations all over the world with the highest concentration of Institutes in the American, Japan, and South Korea. In April 2007 the initial research-based Confucius Institute opened at Waseda University, in Japan. In partnership with Peking University the system promotes the research actions of graduate college students studying in China. On October 2010, there were 322 Confucius Institutes and 337 Confucius Classrooms in 94 nations and regions. The Ministry of Education estimates a hundred million men and women overseas might be understanding Chinese by 2010 and the plan is keeping on rapid growth to help keep pace. Hanban aims to establish 1,000 Confucius Institutes by year 2020. The fast growth number of Confucius Institutes has led to a backlash, specifically in the U.S. along with other Western nations. Anne-Marie Brady has criticized Confucius Institutes, saying that "since the late 80s Beijing continues to be attempting to market the research of Chinese internationally in the belief that people who consider the difficulty to study Chinese will likely be far more sympathetic to China's viewpoint."
The famous Chinese philosopher, Confucius (551-479 BC) is the namesake for your Institutes. Communist leaders all through the 20th century have criticized and denounced the philosopher because the personification of China's "feudal" traditions, with anti-Confucianism ranging from your 1912 New Culture Movement towards the 1973 Criticize Lin, Criticize Confucius campaign during the Cultural Revolution. In recent decades, interest in pre-modern Chinese culture has grown in China, and Confucius in particular has observed a resurgence in popularity. Abroad Confucius is actually a universally recognizable symbol of Chinese Culture, totally free of the controversy surrounding other prominent Chinese figures like Mao Zedong.
"Confucius Institute" is a trademarked brand name. Chen Jinyu, Vice-Chairperson of the CI Headquarters, explained, "With regards to the operation of Confucian Institutes, brand name implies good quality; brand name indicates returns. Those who take pleasure from more brand names will get pleasure from higher popularity, reputation, far more social influence, and will have the ability to generate more support from nearby communities." A 2011 crackdown protected "Confucius Institute" from preregistration infringement in Costa Rica.
The proliferation of Confucius Institutes close to the planet has many purposes: the promotion and teaching of Chinese culture and language abroad, the encouraging of trade ties, along with the extension with the Chinese Party-State's campaign of "soft power" in to the educational sphere in foreign countries.
CIs develop Chinese language programs, train teachers, hold the HSK Examination (Chinese proficiency test), and give details about modern China. The director of the CI system, Xu Lin, says CIs had been begun to cater to the sudden uptick in interest in Chinese language around the world; in addition they provide Chinese language teaching staff from the Mainland. As of 2011 there have been 200 teachers working in the America.