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Writing System of Modern Chinese Characters

●How Characters are actually utilized to write Chinese
 
Chinese characters possess a mystique that fascinates Chinese and non-Chinese alike. Admired for their elegance as well as the meanings (such as 'virtue' or 'sincerity') they represent, characters have a tendency to be regarded as objects worthy of study in themselves. Unfortunately, this obscures the truth that they may be fundamentally a method of representing language. Right here we seem at how present day Chinese (Mandarin) is represented by its writing system.
 
●General
Chinese characters (known as han4-zi4, in simplified characters ) possess a really long history. Their earliest acknowledged form, discovered on 'oracle bones' dating back over 3,000 years, was already a completely created system of writing. The current type of the characters, based on brush and ink, dates from the fourth century AD.
 
At the time of the Han dynasty (202 BC - AD 220) there were over 9,000 characters. The amount grew steadily over the centuries as an increasing number of characters had been coined. Right now more than 50,000 characters have already been recorded, despite the fact that several are basically variants. All around 7,000 characters are truly in use in the contemporary language, of which only about 3,000-4,000 are needed to read books and newspapers. The creation of new characters has effectively ceased and it is unlikely that several will be extra for the current stock.
 
In the 20th century, China simplified the classic characters extensively as a way to promote literacy. These simplified characters are used in Mainland China and Singapore, however the conventional characters are still used in Taiwan and Hong Kong. This website displays the conventional characters, but exactly where a simplified form exists (marked with an asterisk) it could be observed by moving your cursor above the character.
 
Apart from Chinese characters, present day Chinese also utilizes some elements borrowed from the West, such as Roman letters, Arabic numerals, and Western punctuation. There is also a method of phonetic symbols, informally known as bo po mo fo, developed in the early 20th century and nevertheless utilized for restricted functions in Taiwan (e.g., indicating pronunciation in children's books). It's largely been abandoned on the Mainland.