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Pictogram - One Language in Pictures

A pictogram, also referred to as a pictograms or pictograph, is definitely an ideogram that conveys its meaning by way of its pictorial resemblance to a physical object. Pictographs are sometimes used in writing and graphic systems in which the characters are to substantial extent pictorial in appearance.
Pictography is actually a form of writing which uses representational, pictorial drawings. It is a basis of cuneiform and, to some extent, hieroglyphic writing, which also utilizes drawings as phonetic letters or determinative rhymes.
Early written symbols were according to pictographs (pictures which resemble what they signify) and ideograms (symbols which represent ideas). Ancient Sumerian, Egyptian, and Chinese civilizations start using this kind of symbols, establishing them into logographic writing systems. Pictographs are nevertheless in use as the major medium of written communication in some non-literate cultures in Africa, America, and Oceania. Pictographs tend to be used as simple, pictorial, representational symbols by most modern cultures.
Pictographs can usually transcend languages in which they can communicate to speakers of a amount of tongues and language families equally successfully, even if the languages and cultures are fully various. For this reason street signs and similar pictographic materials are usually applied as worldwide standards expected to become understood by all the people around the world.
Pictographs could also take the form of diagrams to take the place of statistical data by pictorial kinds, and will be varied in color, dimension, or number to indicate change.
Specialists said that pictographs can be considered as an art form, and are designated as such in Pre-Columbian art, Native American art, and Painting in the Americas prior to Colonization. One instance will be the Rock art of the Chumash people, a part of the Native American history of California. In 2011, UNESCO Globe Heritage adds to its list a new website "Petroglyphs Complexes with the Mongolian Altai, Mongolia" to celebrate the importance of the pictograms engraved in rocks.
Some scientists in the field of neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology, like Prof. Dr. Mario Christian Meyer, are learning the symbolic meaning of indigenous pictograms and petroglyphs, aiming to create new means of communication between native folks and present day scientists to safeguard and valorize their cultural diversity.
Modern use
Pictograms were used on London Suburban map of London & North Eastern Railway map in 1937, and still in use nowadays, serving as signs or instructions. Due to their graphical nature and fairly realistic style, they are most widely used to show public toilets, or places such as airports, bus stations and hospitals. However, even these symbols are highly culture-specific. For instance, in some cultures men commonly wear dress-like clothing, so even restroom signage is not universal.
Pictographic writing as a modernist poetic technique is credited to Ezra Pound though French surrealists accurately credit the Pacific Northwest American Indians of Alaska who introduced writing, via totem poles, to North America.